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PERSIMMONS: Astringent or Non-Astringent: What’s the Difference?

PERSIMMONS

Diospyros kaki

Astringent or Non-Astringent?

The most widely cultivated species of persimmons are the Japanese persimmons, and come in 2 classes: astringent or non-astringent. Some call it "puckering" or "non-puckering".

Non-astringent persimmons can be eaten fresh right from the tree and are crisp like an apple.

Astringent persimmons are best picked and ripened for a few days until soft and nearly mushy before they are sweet enough to eat.

They are the sweetest: richer and juicier than the non-astringents.

Astringents are sweet like maple syrup when ripe, and quite interesting as a dried delicacy. Non-astringents are a more mellow sweet like cantaloupe or sugarcane.

persimmons on a tree

Fuyu persimmons in August on a 7G tree.

Non-Astringent persimmons include 4 kinds
of FUYUs and
3 kinds of JIROs:

Non-astringent persimmons can be eaten fresh right from the tree and are crisp like an apple.

FUYU
Fuyu persimmons

The original FUYU is the most popular of all the oriental persimmons. Hardy / vigorous growing tree, up to 15' hgt.

Consistent producer of med. sized fruit: 4.5-6 oz.  Fruit is crisp, sweet and mild.

Ripens early Oct thru Nov:  best choice for wildlife  (deer) food plots.

Zones 7-9;  10a

MATSUMODA-WASE FUYU
persimmons on the tree

Matsumoda persimmons on the tree

Matsumoda-Wase FUYU is so close in flavor to the original FUYU it is difficult to distinguish the difference.

Vigorous growing trees, Consistent heavy bearer.

Ripens 2 wks earlier:  mid-Sept

Zones 7-9; 10a

GIANT FUYU

Giant Fuyu in a collander

Giant FUYU is a much smaller tree,  reaching only about 12' at maturity.  Very vigorous growing tree.

Very large reddish-orange fruit.

Ripens late Sept & Oct.

Zones 7-9

HANA FUYU

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Hana FUYU is more of dwarf persimmon tree at only 10'.

Fruit is large, reddish-orange, somewhat squarish (i.e. appears to have 4-lobes), and is slightly flattened.

​Very sweet and crispy.

Ripens mid-October.

Zones 6-9

JIRO

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JIRO is one of the most cold-hardy of the non-astringent persimmons.

Fruit is large,  has 4-lobes and is slightly flattened on the bottom,  much like the Hana Fuyu. Turns a beautiful orange red color when ripe.

Ripens mid-Oct to mid-Nov.​

Zones 6-9

MAEKAWA JIRO

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Maekawa-JIRO is one of the best tasting persimmons.

Semi-dwarf at 10-12' max. hgt.

Fruit is large, 4-lobed, and slightly flattened much like the other Jiro types.

Ripens mid-Oct to mid-Nov.

Zones 7-9

ICHI-KI-KEI-JIRO

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Ichi-Ki-Kei-Jiro is another semi-dwarf at 10-12' tall, but the tree is a little more cold tolerant than the Maekawa.

Fruit is large, 4-lobed and slightly flattened just like the other Jiro types.

Ripens mid to late Oct.

Zones 6-9

Astringent persimmons include:

Astringent persimmons can be as sweet as maple syrup if picked and allowed to ripen fully before eating.

They must be entirely soft and nearly mushy to be ripe and sweet.

TANENASHI
Tanenashi persimmon

Tanenashi is the most highly recognized name among astringent persimmons.

Vigorous growing trees to 12-15' tall, consistently produces good crops.

Fruit is med-large, cone-shaped, and orange-red. Flesh is yellow when ripe with a dry texture.

Ripens early Oct into Nov.

Zones 7-9

HACHIYA
Hachiya persimmon

Hachiya is one of the best for flavor and quality: possibly the most popular astringent.

Large, deep red fruit weighing a pound or more,  has a jelly-like consistency, and a sweet and spicy flavor.

Ripens mid Oct to late Nov.

Zones 7-9.

SAIJO
Saijo persimmon

Saijo fruits are quite oblong: 1.5-2" long  x  1" in diameter,  orange when ripe and very sweet.

Trees are vigorous, upright growers, up to 20-25' tall.

Ripens mid-Sept. to mid-Oct.

Zones 7-9.

GIOMBO
Giomo persimmon

Giomo fruit is large, about the same size as Hachiya but is very sweet much like the Saijo. Trees grow to 15'+.

Ripens mid-Oct through Nov.

Zones 7-9

GREAT WALL

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Great Wall fruit is more of a tomato shape, and sunset orange with thick, rich flavor.

Fruit ripens late Sept through October.

Zones 6-9

CHOCOLATE

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Chocolate has small to medium sized oblong fruit with bright red skin.

Unique, spicy brown flesh is sweet with superb flavor.

Tree grows to 12-15' tall.

Ripens mid-Oct through Nov.

Zones 6-9​

NIKITA'S GIFT

Diospyrus virginiana x kaki

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Nikita's Gift is a Russian (Ukranian) hybrid of American and Asian persimmons.  Fruit is a little flat on the bottom, 2-3" across, reddish-orange in color, and exceptionally sweet when ripe.

Mature tree hgt is about 12'

Ripens late Oct through Nov.   More cold hardy than some:    Zones 6-9

persimmon trees

Early Fall colors on Persimmon Trees

Persimmon leaves will turn an array of gorgeous colors in the fall -- yellows, oranges and even some bright reds -- before dropping for winter.

Often the leaves will begin turning colors while the fruit is still on the tree. Trees will appear dormant for winter months.

If planted in cooler areas of the state, give full sun and wind protection. If planted in zone 9b or 10a, the original Fuyu or the Matsumoda Fuyu will be hardier and more vigorous.



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Green Genie

The Green Genie is the voice of AskTheGreenGenie brand -- organic, edible landscaping for home gardening made fun ! We're passionate about helping home gardeners to get more out of their gardens and enjoy the fruits of their labors -- literally. Organic gardening is a given. Fight pests effectively and actually win the battles. Oh, and palm trees -- I know, they're not all edible, but we love the ambiance!


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